Vet Dental Update – Vol. 1 No. 4

Evaluation of maxillary arterial blood flow in anesthetized cats with mouth closed & open
Barton-Lamb AL, Martin-Flores M, Scrivani PV, et al.
Vet J. 2013 Feb. 7.

The goal of this study was to investigate whether maximal opening of the mouth by a mouth gag affects maxillary artery blood flow in six anesthetized cats. The electroretinogram, brainstem auditory evoked response, and magnetic resonance angiography were evaluated qualitatively to assess blood flow with the mouth open and closed. Maximal opening of the mouth caused alterations in several indicators of blood flow in some individual cats.

Efficacy and safety of deracoxib for control of postoperative pain and inflammation associated with soft tissue surgery in dogs.
Bienhoff SE, Smith ES, Roycroft LM, Roberts ES
Vet Surg. 41(3):336-44, 2012.

Deracoxib was administered at a dose of 1-2 mk/kg/day for 3 days for control of postoperative pain and inflammation associated with soft tissue surgery in dogs. Dogs were given a preoperative treatment and again once daily for 2 additional days after surgery. Pain evaluation was done using the Glasgow Composite Pain Scale (GCPS). Significantly fewer dogs treated with deracoxib had to be rescued with pain intervention than placebo. Dogs receiving deracoxib had numerically lower GCPS scores. Study suggests that perioperative administration of deracoxib to dogs at 1-2 mg/kg/day for 3 days significantly improves analgesia in the postoperative surgical period after soft tissue surgery.

Evaluation of the risk of endocarditis and other cardiovascular events on the basis of the severity of periodontal disease in dogs.
Glickman LT, Glickman NW, Moore GE, Goldstein GS, Lewis HB.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 234(4):486-94, 2009.

Significant associations were detected between the severity of periodontal disease and the subsequent risk of cardiovascular-related conditions, such as endocarditis and cardiomyopathy, but not between the severity of periodontal disease and the risk of a variety of other common noncardiovascular-related conditions. The findings of this observational study, similar to epidemiologic studies in humans, suggested that periodontal disease was associated with cardiovascular-related conditions, such as endocarditis and cardiomyopathy. Chronic inflammation is probably an important mechanism connecting bacterial flora in the oral cavity of dogs with systemic disease. Canine health may be improved if veterinarians and pet owners place a higher priority on routine dental care.

Multiple dental developmental abnormalities following canine distemper infection.
Bittegeko SB, Arnbjerg J, Nkya R, Tevik A.
J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 31(1):42-5, 1995.

Multiple dental developmental abnormalities (e.g., dental impaction, partial eruption, oligodontia, enamel hypoplasia, and dentin hypoplasia) in a 10-month-old, female, Tanzanian tropical mixed-breed puppy are reported. Various permanent teeth were involved. These included impacted mandibular canine and first and third premolar teeth; a partially erupted maxillary canine tooth; oligodontia of a mandibular fourth premolar tooth; enamel hypoplasia of the maxillary and mandibular canine teeth, incisors, and premolars; and dentin hypoplasia of the maxillary incisors, maxillary premolars, and mandibular premolars. The puppy had clinical canine distemper at the age of two months and had no history of any other systemic nor generalized infection prior to the time when the dental abnormalities were observed.



Leave a Reply